Coronavirus: A virus that emerged in Wuhan city in central China late last year, spreading pneumonia, which can become fatal, at the speed of the explosion. One such deadly virus is the Global Health Emergency, which means the World Health Organization (WHO) has been forced to impose a state of emergency.
At the center of the panic is a member of the coronavirus group, named 2019-nCoV. Members of this virus group can range from common colds to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). As many will remember, around 6 people died in the Sarus pandemic around the world in 20-3.
Why is this virus so deadly?
The reason for this is its “deceptive” character. Most of the infected patients can walk through the swinging walk, making it prone to spread. In the last two months alone, the number of infections and deaths has been outpaced by the entire SARS epidemic.
As of early February, the coronavirus death rate is about 2 percent of the total incidence, which is lower than SARS, but none of the early epidemic statistics are very reliable. According to experts, the actual number of infections can range from 3,000 to hundreds of thousands, but since the virus-populated areas such as the city of Wuhan and the surrounding province of Hubei are not sufficiently tested, it is impossible to get accurate information.
What is Coronavirus?
The coronavirus is not a virus, but rather a virus group, from which many diseases spread to humans, ranging from common colds to the most complex and often fatal SARS or MERS. The name of this virus comes from its size, which is like a corona, which extends through the numerous arms.
Some members of this virus group spread easily from person to person, while there are some viruses that do not spread. The World Health Organization says the new virus appears from time to time throughout the world, and there are many viruses that are restricted to animals and not spread to humans. However, these viruses can change, so how severe they are can depend on how long they are spreading from the human body.
Is this time coronavirus different?
It is genetically equivalent to the SARS virus, but so far seems relatively mild in terms of infection severity and mortality. The mortality rate for SARS was around 5 percent. Another deadly virus in this group, named MERS-CoV and which has been active since 2002, has died in 5 out of 2,7 infected patients. On the contrary, there is an influenza epidemic of 4, which causes the death toll of approximately 1 million people. Although the death rate was less than 5 percent, about one-third of the world’s population was infected.
How is the virus spreading?
Mainly through an infected person’s sneezing, cough, shortness of breath, or talk. If such a patient is close to the virus, the virus will spread in the air, or if you touch something that touches him, he can spread the same way. It is not yet clear whether the excreta can spread through the urine. Those who have infected the virus, but do not show signs of disease, can spread the disease.
In China, for example, a seemingly healthy 4-year-old child spreads the virus from the body to his entire family. However, the likelihood of such an infection is not very strong, said Anthony Fouchi, an official at the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, on January 26th.
How much is this coronavirus?
How often disease is infected is determined by the number of other infections a patient can infect. This number is called the Basic Reproduction Number, and it also shows how difficult it can be to control the epidemic. Initial estimates for the World Health Organization (WHO), the basic reproduction number for 2019-nCoV, range from 1.5 to 2.5, which means it is similar to SARS, and higher than influenza. But a team from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing says the number should be 1.3.
What does this virus do?
Minor illnesses for children, adolescents, or younger people, and a little more for older people. What has been observed so far, the primary symptoms are fever, dry cough, and fatigue – but it is not possible to have a sneezing or runny nose when cold.
Research says the virus first attacks the Lower Respiratory Tract, and it goes to the lungs, causing pneumonia symptoms, such as shortness of breath, irritation, and cough. An examination showed that during the outbreak of the virus, one-fourth of the hospitalized patients were suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome, which can be fatal. Septic shock, respiratory failure, and other organs can also be seen. There were many people who already had heart disease or some other illness.
What is the fear of the new virus?
Since it takes time for the human body to develop immunity against new viruses, the emergence of new viruses is always frightening. Especially because of this, it takes time to discover any particular medical procedure or vaccine. Any species of Novel Coronavirus is dreadful, as they have never been found in humans before. This can lead to complex epidemics, such as in the case of SARS.
What action is being taken for this virus?
The Chinese government has completely disassociated Wuhan and the surrounding cities from the outside world, resulting in more than 100 million people in captivity. New hospitals have been extended overnight, extended school holidays and city dwellers have been asked to work from home. The World Health Organization has declared a state of emergency in the wake of the epidemic, which may be of some benefit to international assistance.
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