When the blood supply to any part of the brain is interrupted or stopped, the tissues of the brain do not get the oxygen or sugar supply they need. This is called a stroke. Although the brain uses only a small amount of blood, brain cells are so sensitive that they begin to die soon after problems with oxygen and sugar supply. Again, the part of the body that the brain controls can become paralyzed. Usually, we can see two types of Stocks. Such as- Ischemic Stroke (Hemorrhagic Stroke) and Hemorrhagic Stroke (Hemorrhagic Stroke).
Why is a stroke?
Stroke is usually caused by a problem with the blood supply to the brain. Ischemic stroke is when the blood supply to the brain is low and hemorrhagic stroke is when there is bleeding in the brain.
What are the Symptoms of a Stroke
Bleeding in the brain or regional cessation of blood flow can have almost the same symptoms. The most common signs or symptoms of a stroke are tingling in the head, severe headache with pain in the neck, mouth and between the eyes, difficulty walking or balancing the body, tingling and numbness, Weak, numb or paralyzed on one side of the body, blurred vision, dark vision or double Ekha, nausea, or vomiting, etc.
What to do if you see signs of a stroke?
Consult a specialist on an urgent basis as soon as the symptoms of a stroke appear. There are also some things to be careful about, such as – if you have trouble breathing or stop breathing, you have to breathe face to face, if you vomit, you have to tilt your head to one side, no food or water can be given to the infected person. In such cases, at least 2 people must go to the hospital with the patient. In this, everything from examination and treatment is a bit faster.
Necessary tests to diagnose a stroke
Quick measures to diagnose stroke are very important because in all these cases doctors do not get too much time (3 to 6 hours) on hand. Some tests may be needed to determine if a Lack of oxygen in the brain has occurred. E.g.
- Some physical tests, such as blood pressure, blood cholesterol measurement, diabetes, etc.
- CT scan or computerized tomography scan (Computerized Tomography scan) can be a 3D scan of the brain.
- MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging can be used to determine if any part of the brain is damaged.
- Echocardiography can be used to determine if blood clots, bubbles, or anything else is stopping the heart from beating.
- Carotid ultrasound can be used to take a picture of the cervical artery to determine if a blood vessel is narrowing or closing somewhere.
Who can have a stroke?
Strokes are most common in men over the age of 55. Also, those who may have a stroke:
- If you have high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, obesity, or obesity.
- Anyone in the family has a history of having a stroke or heart attack.
- You have problems with smoking or alcohol.
- Heart disease such as abnormal pulse, cardiac arrest, heart defects, or heart infections.
- As a result of taking any hormone therapy or birth control pills.
- If you have had one or more strokes or TIAs in the past.
What to do to stroke prevention
The best way to prevent stroke is to know the risk of stroke and follow a healthy lifestyle. This healthy lifestyle is:
- Regular blood pressure should be checked and high blood pressure should be controlled.
- Excess fat foods should not be eaten and cholesterol should be controlled.
- The right rule is to eat food on time and in the right amount.
- Diabetes should be checked regularly and controlled carefully.
- Every day you have to do some physical work or walk or light running on time.
- The body weight should be kept under control so that it does not get fat.
- Vegetables, small fish, marine fish, dried fish, milk, bran-rich food, etc. should be included in the diet.
- No more worries.
- Must refrain from smoking.
- Alcohol or drugs should be avoided.
Treatment of stroke depends mainly on the patient’s age, size, type of stroke, etc. If you have a Lack of oxygen in the brain, you have to be taken to the hospital immediately. Strokes are usually not completely good. The patient should always be kept in the care and may need to undergo physiotherapy. Thrombolytic therapy is a treatment for blood clots in the brain. By applying for the medicine, the blood flow is normalized by dissolving the blood clots in the brain quickly. But this cannot be done in case of bleeding in the brain. Giving this therapy within 3 hours of having a Lack of oxygen in the brain greatly reduces brain damage and reduces the chances of paralysis.
Which can result from a stroke
Strokes can cause a number of complications. For example, pain in different parts of the body, muscle numbness or paralysis, loss of memory, difficulty in speaking, difficulty in understanding something, difficulty in eating or swallowing food, etc.
What’s the difference between a stroke and a heart attack
Lack of oxygen in the brain and heart attack are two completely different things. When there is bleeding in the brain or the blood vessels close, it is called a brain stroke. A stroke occurs only in the brain, so it is also called brain stroke.
If you have a brain stroke by mistake or don’t understand, it can be too late to go to the heart doctor. The reason is that there is a special therapy within 3 hours of a brain stroke, which is given at the right time, the patient can recover completely. A patient with a heart attack should be taken to a heart doctor and a patient with a stroke should be taken to a neurologist.
When a patient comes to a neurologist or neurologist, he can quickly identify the symptoms and apply for the medicine quickly. In this case, the doctor first does a CT scan of the patient to make sure that there is bleeding in the brain. If there is bleeding in the brain, the patient’s condition may worsen with the application of thrombolytic drugs. At least two people must go to the hospital with the patient. This extra care and help save a lot of time in treating the patient. Prevention is the biggest treatment for stroke. Only a controlled lifestyle can keep people largely free from stroke.
The disease is not a plague. That is not entirely true. Before any disease can take a serious turn, various symptoms appear. In many cases, we do not take those symptoms seriously. As a result, potential risks cannot be avoided. But a little awareness can help to cure any disease before it takes shape.